Vitamin K Benefits and Sources

Vitamin K helps to make various proteins that are needed for blood clotting and the building of bones. Prothrombin is a vitamin K-dependent protein directly involved with blood clotting. Osteocalcin is another protein that requires vitamin K to produce healthy bone tissue.

Copper Benefits and Sources

Copper is an essential trace mineral necessary for survival. It plays a role in making red blood cells and maintaining nerve cells and the immune system. It also helps the body form collagen and absorb iron, and plays a role in energy production. Most copper in the body is found in the liver, brain, heart, kidneys, and…

A Guide to Nutrients

This list is a work in progress. It will summarize the most important functions of essential nutrients. Click on the links for more information and a list of good plant-based food sources for each nutrient.

Potassium Benefits and Sources

Potassium is an essential mineral that is needed in the body for electrolyte and water balance, in addition to the daily functioning of cells. Certain types of cooking, such as boiling, can destroy the potassium in some foods so it is often better to steam, bake or stir-fry vegetables. In addition, food processing reduces the amount…

Manganese Benefits and Sources

Manganese is a trace mineral that is present in tiny amounts in the body. It is found mostly in bones, the liver, kidneys, and pancreas. Manganese helps the body form connective tissue, bones, blood clotting factors, and sex hormones. These foods are good sources of manganese.

Calcium Benefits and Sources

Your body needs calcium to build and maintain strong bones. Your heart, muscles and nerves also need calcium to function properly. Some studies suggest that calcium, along with vitamin D, may have benefits beyond bone health: perhaps protecting against cancer, diabetes and high blood pressure. Food is the best source of any nutrient, and some plant foods are rich in calcium.