Ginger is the spicy root of the flowering plant Zingiber officinale. It is used to season many kinds of food, and it also has a long history as a folk medicine treatment for multiple ailments. The edible portion of the thick root, called a rhizome, is available in the produce section of most grocery stores. Dried and ground ginger can also commonly be found in the herbs and spices aisle. Because ginger has been so widely used in traditional medicine, there are many scientific studies examining its medical value. Research suggests that eating ginger provides multiple health benefits, inculding nausea relief, pain relief, and blood sugar management. The health benefits of ginger are mainly attributed to its phenolic compounds, such as gingerols and shogaols. Ginger possesses multiple biological activities, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anticancer, neuroprotective, cardiovascular protective, respiratory protective, antiobesity, antidiabetic, antinausea, and antiemetic activities.