Artichoke Facts

Artichokes have a high antioxidant content that may help prevent cancer, manage weight, and control blood sugar and diabetes.

The globe artichoke, also known by the names French artichoke and green artichoke, is a variety of thistle cultivated as food. The edible portion of the plant consists of the flower buds before the flowers come into bloom. The budding artichoke flower-head is a cluster of budding small flowers, together with many bracts, on an edible base. Once the buds bloom, the structure changes to a coarse, barely edible form. Artichokes are frequently prepared by removing all but 5–10 mm of the stem. To remove thorns, which may interfere with eating, around a quarter of each scale can be cut off. To cook, the artichoke is boiled or steamed. A cooked, unseasoned artichoke has a delicate flavour. Salt may be added to the water if boiling artichokes. Placing them in water slightly acidified with vinegar or lemon juice can prevent the discoloration.

They are a good source of fiber and other nutrients. In addition, artichoke nutrition contains some vitamin A, vitamin E, choline, betaine, omega-3 and omega-6.

1 medium artichoke (120 g)
calories 63
carbohydrates 14.3 g
calcium 3% DV
copper 8% DV
fat 0.4 g
fiber 10.3 g
folate 27% DV
iron 4% DV
magnesium 13% DV
manganese 13% DV
niacin 7% DV
pantothenic acid 3% DV
phosphorous 9% DV
potassium 10% DV
protein 3.5 g
riboflavin 6% DV
thiamine 4% DV
zinc 3% DV
vitamin B6 5% DV
vitamin C 15% DV
vitamin K 22% DV