The nopal cactus, native to Mexico, is commonly known in English as the prickly pear cactus (español: nopal y tuna). It is known for high antioxidant, vitamin, and mineral content. Nopales are the pads of the nopal cactus. Sauteed nopales can be added to many dishes, such as salads, quesadillas or scrambled eggs. The sweet and colorful prickly pears, called tunas in Spanish, are delicious just as they are. Just peel and eat. The prickly pear fruit contains the flavonoids kaempferol and quercetin, which are antioxidant and anti-inflammatory.
Cabbage(español: col, repollo) (comprising several cultivars of Brassicaoleracea) is a leafy green, red (purple), or white (pale green) biennialplant grown as an annual vegetable crop for its dense-leaved heads. It is closely related to broccoli and cauliflower; Brussels sprouts; and Savoy cabbage. Cabbage can be eaten raw, steamed, or pickled, as in sauerkraut or kimchi. It is low in calories and rich in nutrients, especially Vitamins K and C.
Nutrition Facts: 100 g (3.5 oz) OF CABBAGE CONTAINS
calcium 4% DV calories 25 carbohydrates 5.8 g fiber 2.2 g folate 43 µg (11% DV) iron 4% DV manganese 8% DV protein 1.28 g vitamin B6 0.124 mg (10% DV) vitamin C 36.6 mg (44% DV) vitamin K 76 µg (72% DV)
An apple (español: manzana) is a sweet, edible fruit produced by an apple tree (Malus domestica). Apple trees, which originated in Central Asia, are cultivated worldwide. Its wild ancestor, Malus sieversii, is still found today. There are more than 7,500 known cultivars of apples, resulting in a range of desired characteristics. Trees and fruit are prone to a number of fungal, bacterial and pest problems, which can be controlled by organic and non-organic means. In 2010, the fruit’s genome was sequenced as part of research on disease control and selective breeding in apple production. Apples are rich in simple sugars, such as fructose, sucrose, and glucose. Despite their high carb and sugar contents, their glycemic index (GI) is low, ranging 29–44.
Nutrition Facts: 1 raw unpeeled medium apple (100 g)
calories 82 carbohydrates 13.8 g fat 0.2 g fiber 2.4 g phosphorous 11 mg (2% DV) protein 0.3 g vitamin B6 3 µg (3% DV) vitamin C 4.6 mg (6% DV) water 86%
Quinoa (/ˈkiːnwɑː/ from Quechua kinwa or kinuwa) Chenopodium quinoa is a pseudocereal, a flowering plant related to spinach and amaranth. The gluten-free seeds are rich in protein, fiber, B vitamins, and minerals in amounts greater than in many grains. It originated in the Andean region of northwestern South America and was first eaten by human beings in the regions known today as Peru and Bolivia around three thousand years ago. The United Nations declared 2013 The International Year of Quinoa because of its nutrient value and potential to contribute to food security worldwide. Quinoa can be sprinkled on salads, added to soups and stir fries, eaten alone or combined with oatmeal and other grains as a cereal.
The brussels sprout (español: coles de bruselas) is a member of the Gemmifera Group of cabbages (Brassica oleracea), grown for its edible buds. The leaf vegetables are typically half and inch to one-and-a-half inches in diameter and look like miniature cabbages. They have long been popular in Brussels, Belgium, and may have gained their name there. Brussels sprouts are low in calories but high in many nutrients, especially fiber, vitamin K and vitamin C. They contain kaempferol, an antioxidant that may reduce cancer growth, decrease inflammation and promote heart health. Because of their high fiber content, they promote regularity, support digestive health and reduce the risk of heart disease and diabetes. They are very high in Vitamin K, which is important for blood clotting and bone metabolism. The fiber and antioxidants in Brussels sprouts may help keep your blood sugar levels stable. They are a good source of ALA omega-3 fatty acids, which can reduce inflammation, insulin resistance, cognitive decline and blood triglycerides. Brussels sprouts can be roasted, boiled, sautéed or baked. They are a good addition to pasta or stir-fries.
Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa) (español: nuez de Brasil) is a South American tree in the family Lecythidaceae. Brazil nuts are rich in healthy fats, selenium, magnesium, copper, phosphorus, manganese, thiamine, and vitamin E. Among the claims for Brazil nuts are that they may support thyroid, heart, and brain function, and reduce inflammation.
WARNING: Individual intake should be limited to one to three a day because excessive amounts of selenium have been linked to increased risk of diabetes and prostate cancer.
Nutrition Facts: 1 ounce (28 g) of Brazil nut
calories 187 carbohydrates 3.3 g copper 55% RDI fat 19 g fiber 2.1 g magnesium 33% RDI manganese 17% RDI phosphorous 30% RDI protein 4.1 g selenium 175% RDI thiamine 16% RDI zinc 10.5% RDI vitamin E 11% RDI
When I switched to plant-based living after a lifetime of meals planned around a main course of meat, I immediately felt positive effects and found it surprisingly easy, even fun, to change my habits and explore new ways of enjoying food. Fruit and Stuff is a collection of some of the many things I have learned since I started the journey. Even if you are not ready to give up meat, you will benefit from adding more plant foods to your daily meals. I hope you’ll find something useful here. The most recent articles appear first on the Home page, and the tabs at the top of every page are for locating any article, past or present. The Glossary links to facts about plant-based foods, the Recipe tab will direct you to the recipe index, and the Resources consist of news and opinions about plant-based living.