A Glossary of Plant-Based Foods

I started this list to help me remember the plant foods I have been enjoying all my life. It continues to expand, including plant foods that I got to know after moving to Mexico and foods still new to me that are helping transition from animal-based to plant-based meals. The glossary includes plants and plant-based foods, such as raisins, prunes, tahini, and nutritional yeast . It also has links to information on nutrients. The objective is to define items that are often referred to in plant-based recipes. Cross-references link to details about the items and recipes that use them.

American English / Mexican Spanish American English / Mexican Spanish
agar-agar / agar
almond / almendra hibiscus / jamaica
aloe vera / sávila jackfruit / yaca
amaranth / amaranto jicama
apple / manzana kale / kale
apricot / chabacano kiwi / kiwi
artichoke / alcachofa leek / poro
asparagus / espárrago lemon / limon
avocado / aguacate lentil / lenteja
banana / plátano lettuce / lechuga
barley / cebada lima bean / haba
basil / albahaca lime / lima
bay leaf / laurel mamey
beet / betabel, remolacha mango / mango
blackberry / zarzamora melon / melon
black-eyed pea / guisante de ojo negromushroom / champiñón
broccoli / brocolínectarine / nectarina
brazil nut / nuez de Brasilnutritional yeast / levadura nutricional
brussels sprout / col de Bruselasokra / kimbombo
cabbage / cololive / aceituna
cactus leaf / nopalonion / cebolla
carrot / zanahoriaorange / naranja
cashew / maranonpapaya / papaya
cauliflower / coliflorparsley / perejil
celery / apiopea / chicharo
chaya / chayapeanut / cacahuate, mani
chayote / chayotepear / pera
cherry / cerezapecan / nuez
chia / chiapepper / chile
chickpea / garbanzopineapple / piña
cilantro (coriander) / cilantropistachio / pistacho
cinnamon / canelaplantain / plátano macho
clementine / clementinaplum /ciruela
clove / clavo de olorpomegranate / granada
corn / maizpotato / papa
corn smut / huitlacocheprickly pear / tuna
cucumber / pepinoprune / ciruela pasa
cumin / cominopumpkin / calabaza
curcumin and turmeric / cúrcumaquinoa / quinoa
date / dátilradish / rábano
dragon fruit / pitahayaraisin / pasita
eggplant (aubergine) / berenjenaraspberry / frambuesa
endive / endibiasesame seed / ajonjoli
epazote / epazote
fava bean (broad bean) / habaspinach / espinaca
fennel / hinojosquash / calabaza
fig / higosquash flower / flor de calabaza
flax / linazastrawberry / fresa
garlic / ajosunflower seed / semilla de girasol
ginger / genjibresweet potato / camote
grape / uvatahini / tajini
grapefruit / toronjatomato / tomate
green bean / ejoteturnip / nabo
guanabanawalnut / nuez de castilla
guava / guayaba watercress / berro
watermelon / sandia
zucchini / calabacita

COOKBOOK / WHAT YOU SHOULD AND SHOULDN’T EAT