Glossary of Plant Foods

Plant Foods

American English / Mexican Spanish

Cross-references link to details about the items and recipes that use them.


  • agar-agar / agar
  • almond / almendra
  • aloe vera / sávila
  • amaranth / amaranto
  • apple / manzana
  • apricot / chabacano
  • aquafaba / aquafaba
  • artichoke / alcachofa
  • asparagus / espárrago
  • avocado / aguacate
  • banana / plátano
  • barley / cebada
  • basil / albahaca
  • bay leaf / laurel
  • beet / betabel
  • blackberry / zarzamora
  • black-eyed peas /
  • broccoli / brocolí
  • brazil nut / nuez de Brasil
  • brussels sprout / col de Bruselas
  • butternut squash
  • cabbage / col
  • cactus leaf / nopal
  • cantaloupe / melon
  • carrot / zanahoria
  • cashew / maranon
  • cauliflower / coliflor
  • celery / apio
  • chayote
  • cherry / cereza
  • chia / chia
  • chickpea / garbanzo
  • cilantro / cilantro
  • cinnamon / canela
  • clove / clavo de olor
  • clementine / clementina
  • corn / maiz
  • corn smut / huitlacoche
  • cucumber / pepino
  • cumin / comino
  • curcumin and turmeric / cúrcuma
  • date / dátil
  • dragon fruit / pitahaya
  • eggplant (aubergine) / berenjena
  • endive /
  • fava bean (broad bean) /
  • fennel /
  • fig / higo
  • flax / linaza
  • garlic / ajo
  • ginger / genjibre
  • grape / uva
  • grapefruit / toronja
  • green bean / ejote
  • guanabana
  • guava / guayaba
  • hibiscus / jamaica
  • hominy / maiz nixtamalizado
  • honeydew melon / melón chino
  • jackfruit / yaca
  • jicama
  • kale / kale
  • kiwi / kiwi
  • leek / poro
  • lemon / limon
  • lentil / lenteja
  • lettuce / lechuga
  • lima bean / haba
  • lime / lima
  • mamey
  • mango / mango
  • mushroom / champiñón
  • nectarine / nectarina
  • nutritional yeast / levadura nutricional
  • okra / kimbombo
  • olive / aceituna
  • onion / cebolla
  • orange / naranja
  • papaya / papaya
  • parsley / perejil
  • pea / chicharo
  • peanut / cacahuate, mani
  • pear / pera
  • pecan / nuez
  • pepper / chile
  • pineapple / piña
  • pistachio / pistacho
  • plantain / plátano macho
  • plum /ciruela
  • pomegranate / granada
  • potato / papa
  • prickly pear / tuna
  • prune / ciruela pasa
  • pumpkin / calabaza
  • quinoa / quinoa
  • radish / rábano
  • raisin / pasita
  • raspberry / frambuesa
  • sesame seed / ajonjoli
  • spinach / espinaca
  • squash flower / flor de calabaza
  • strawberry / fresa
  • sunflower seed / semilla de girasol
  • sweet potato / camote
  • tahini / tajini
  • tomato / tomate
  • turnip / nabo
  • walnut / nuez de castilla
  • watercress / berro
  • watermelon / sandia
  • zapote
  • zucchini / calabacita

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