Apple / Manzana Facts

Bushel of red delicious apples

An apple is a sweet, edible fruit produced by an apple tree (Malus domestica). Apple trees, which originated in Central Asia, are cultivated worldwide. Its wild ancestor, Malus sieversii, is still found today. There are more than 7,500 known cultivars of apples, resulting in a range of desired characteristics. Trees and fruit are prone to a number of fungal, bacterial and pest problems, which can be controlled by organic and non-organic means. In 2010, the fruit’s genome was sequenced as part of research on disease control and selective breeding in apple production.

Nutrition facts for one raw, unpeeled, medium-sized apple (100 grams):

  • Calories: 52
  • Water: 86%
  • Protein: 0.3 grams
  • Carbs: 13.8 grams
  • Sugar: 10.4 grams
  • Fiber: 2.4 grams
  • Fat: 0.2 grams

Apples are rich in simple sugars, such as fructose, sucrose, and glucose. Despite their high carb and sugar contents, their glycemic index (GI) is low, ranging 29–44.

Almond / Almendra Facts

Almond is the edible seed of Prunus dulcis, a species of tree native to Iran but widely cultivated elsewhere. It is classified with the peach in the subgenus Amygdalus, distinguished from the other subgenera by corrugations on the shell surrounding the seed. Almonds are sold shelled or unshelled. Blanched almonds are shelled almonds that have been treated with hot water to soften the seedcoat, which is then removed to reveal the white embryo.

A 1-ounce (28-gram) serving of almonds contains:

  • Calories: 161
  • Carbohydrates: 2.5 grams
  • Fiber: 3.5 grams
  • Protein: 6 grams
  • Fat: 14 grams (9 of which are monounsaturated)
  • Vitamin E: 37% of the RDI
  • Manganese: 32% of the RDI
  • Magnesium: 20% of the RDI
  • They also contain copper, vitamin B2 (riboflavin) and phosphorus.

RECIPES: Almond Milk / Almond Flour

Sources: Wikipedia / healthline

EGG Substitute with Chia / Sustituto de HUEVO con Chia

Eggs provide structure, moisture and richness; they act as a leavening ingredient. Chia gel needs help with leavening, but it makes a satisfactory substitute when eggs are called for in recipes for baked goods.

PREP TIME 15 min / COOK TIME none / NEED coffee grinder / MAKES 1 egg substitute

1 Tbs ground chia seeds / 3 Tbs water

  1. If you are starting with flax seeds, grind them in the coffee grinder.
  2. Combine 1 Tbs GROUND CHIA SEEDS with 3 TBS WATER.
  3. Stir well and let set at least 10 minutes before using.

EGG Substitute with Flax / Sustituto de HUEVO con Linaza

Eggs provide structure, moisture and richness; they act as a leavening ingredient. Flax gel needs help with leavening, but it makes a satisfactory substitute when eggs are called for in recipes for baked goods.

PREP TIME 15 min / COOK TIME none / NEED coffee grinder / MAKES 1 egg substitute

1 Tbs ground flax seeds / 3 Tbs water

  1. If you are starting with flax seeds, grind them in the coffee grinder.
  2. Combine 1 Tbs GROUND FLAX SEEDS with 3 TBS WATER.
  3. Stir well and let set at least 10 minutes before using.

Is Raw Vegan the Best Way?

Some foods that are not of animal origin, even some that are marketed as vegan, should nevertheless be eliminated from a healthy eating plan. Opinions and recommendations may vary. The objective of this page is to gather the most credible facts and opinions about questionable edibles so you can make the decision that is best for you.

Many fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds are at their best when they are not cooked, and raw vegan practitioners report good results from their way of eating. However, some very nutritious foods will not be digested if they are not cooked, and some nutrients are actually enhanced by cooking.

The challenges of balancing a food plan are increased by trying to eat raw only, and some negative effects of all-raw have been reported. Eating a lot of raw fruits and vegetables is a good choice in any way of eating, but forbidding any and all cooked foods can be counterproductive. This article from Plant Based News summarizes the pros and cons of raw vegan eating plans.

ARTICLE: Is Eating a Raw Vegan Diet Really Worth It? by Diana Lupica

Aloe Vera / Sávila Facts

WARNING: ALOE VERA AS BEVERAGE OR SUPPLEMENT SHOULD BE USED WITH GREAT CAUTION.

Aloe Vera is better-known as a topical substance for sunburn and skin care. It is included in this list of plant foods because it has been widely promoted recently as a health beverage and supplement. If, in spite of the risks, you decide to drink aloe vera juice or use it internally in any way, look for the following statements on the label: purified, decolorized, organic, safety tested.

Aloe vera (/ˈæloʊiː/ or /ˈæloʊ/) is a succulent plant species of the genus Aloe. It originates from the Arabian Peninsula but grows wild in tropical climates around the world and is cultivated for agricultural and medicinal uses. The species is also used for decorative purposes and grows successfully indoors as a potted plant. It is widely used for treating sunburns, acne, and dry skin. It has been promoted as an alkaline food choice, liver tonic, remedy for constipation, treatment for dehydration, source of vitamins B, C, E, B12 and folic acid, remedy for heartburn, gastric ulcers, IBS, and ulcerative colitis.

Researchers have concluded that the side effects caused by unpurified aloe vera juice are a result of the presence of anthraquinone, which is considered a laxative. Though anthraquinone is an organic compound naturally found in the leaf of the aloe vera plant, it is considered toxic and should be avoided. Here are some facts to consider:

  • One 2013 study found that aloe vera whole-leaf extract increased the risk of colon adenomas (benign) and carcinomas (cancer) in rats.
  • Nondecolorized, unpurified aloe vera juice can have unpleasant side effects, including diarrhea and cramping.
  • Under the guidelines of California Proposition 65, orally ingested non-decolorized aloe vera leaf extract has been listed by the OEHHA, along with goldenseal, among “chemicals known to the state to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity”.
  • Aloe juice has been shown to interact with certain medications. If you are taking any drug that is considered a substrate of Cytochrome P450 3A4 and CYP2D6, do not drink aloe vera juice. Aloe vera juice may increase the risk of side effects of these drugs.
  • Aloe may also add to the effects of sevoflurane, causing excessive bleeding during surgery. If you are taking sevoflurane, check with your doctor before drinking aloe juice.

Sources: healthline / Wikipedia